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Usha Ramakrishnan

TitleProf,Clin Asoc
InstitutionUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
DepartmentAnesthesiology
Address750 NE 13th St
Oklahoma City OK 73104-5064
Phone405/317-9003
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Smith ER, Shankar AH, Wu LS, Aboud S, Adu-Afarwuah S, Ali H, Agustina R, Arifeen S, Ashorn P, Bhutta ZA, Christian P, Devakumar D, Dewey KG, Friis H, Gomo E, Gupta P, Kæstel P, Kolsteren P, Lanou H, Maleta K, Mamadoultaibou A, Msamanga G, Osrin D, Persson LÅ, Ramakrishnan U, Rivera JA, Rizvi A, Sachdev HPS, Urassa W, West KP, Zagre N, Zeng L, Zhu Z, Fawzi WW, Sudfeld CR. Modifiers of the effect of maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation on stillbirth, birth outcomes, and infant mortality: a meta-analysis of individual patient data from 17 randomised trials in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet Glob Health. 2017 Nov; 5(11):e1090-e1100. PMID: 29025632.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Kriss JL, Ramakrishnan U, Beauregard JL, Phadke VK, Stein AD, Rivera JA, Omer SB. Yogurt consumption during pregnancy and preterm delivery in Mexican women: A prospective analysis of interaction with maternal overweight status. Matern Child Nutr. 2017 Oct 03. PMID: 28971601.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Nguyen PH, DiGirolamo AM, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Pham H, Hao W, Nguyen H, Truong TV, Nguyen S, Harding KB, Reinhart GA, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Impact of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on maternal mental health during pregnancy and postpartum: results from a randomized controlled trial in Vietnam. BMC Womens Health. 2017 Jun 17; 17(1):44. PMID: 28623904.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Nguyen PH, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Young MF, Truong TV, Hoang H, Nguyen H, Nguyen S, DiGirolamo AM, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Preconception Micronutrient Supplementation with Iron and Folic Acid Compared with Folic Acid Alone Affects Linear Growth and Fine Motor Development at 2 Years of Age: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Vietnam. J Nutr. 2017 Aug; 147(8):1593-1601. PMID: 28615372.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Larson LM, Young MF, Ramakrishnan U, Webb Girard A, Verma P, Chaudhuri I, Srikantiah S, Martorell R. A Cross-Sectional Survey in Rural Bihar, India, Indicates That Nutritional Status, Diet, and Stimulation Are Associated with Motor and Mental Development in Young Children. J Nutr. 2017 Aug; 147(8):1578-1585. PMID: 28615374.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Nguyen PH, DiGirolamo AM, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Young M, Kim N, Nguyen S, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Influences of early child nutritional status and home learning environment on child development in Vietnam. Matern Child Nutr. 2017 Jun 06. PMID: 28585371.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Jackson SL, Staimez LR, Safo S, Long Q, Rhee MK, Cunningham SA, Olson DE, Tomolo AM, Ramakrishnan U, Narayan VKM, Phillips LS. Participation in a National Lifestyle Change Program is associated with improved diabetes Control outcomes. J Diabetes Complications. 2017 Sep; 31(9):1430-1436. PMID: 28673663.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Gonzalez-Casanova I, Nguyen PH, Young MF, Harding KB, Reinhart G, Nguyen H, Nechitillo M, Truong TV, Pham H, Nguyen S, Neufeld LM, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Predictors of adherence to micronutrient supplementation before and during pregnancy in Vietnam. BMC Public Health. 2017 May 16; 17(1):452. PMID: 28511688.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Young MF, Hong Nguyen P, Addo OY, Pham H, Nguyen S, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Timing of Gestational Weight Gain on Fetal Growth and Infant Size at Birth in Vietnam. PLoS One. 2017; 12(1):e0170192. PMID: 28114316.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Deputy NP, Nguyen PH, Pham H, Nguyen S, Neufeld L, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Validity of gestational age estimates by last menstrual period and neonatal examination compared to ultrasound in Vietnam. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2017 Jan 11; 17(1):25. PMID: 28077098.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Shaikh NI, Frediani JK, Ramakrishnan U, Patil SS, Yount KM, Martorell R, Narayan KV, Cunningham SA. Development and evaluation of a Nutrition Transition-FFQ for adolescents in South India. Public Health Nutr. 2017 May; 20(7):1162-1172. PMID: 28069093.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Gutierrez-Gomez Y, Stein AD, Ramakrishnan U, Barraza-Villarreal A, Moreno-Macias H, Aguilar-Salinas C, Romieu I, Rivera JA. Prenatal Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation Does Not Affect Nonfasting Serum Lipid and Glucose Concentrations of Offspring at 4 Years of Age in a Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial in Mexico. J Nutr. 2017 Feb; 147(2):242-247. PMID: 28003539.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Jackson SL, Safo S, Staimez LR, Long Q, Rhee MK, Cunningham SA, Olson DE, Tomolo AM, Ramakrishnan U, Narayan KM, Phillips LS. Reduced Cardiovascular Disease Incidence With a National Lifestyle Change Program. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Apr; 52(4):459-468. PMID: 27939239.
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    14. Nguyen PH, Young M, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Pham HQ, Nguyen H, Truong TV, Nguyen SV, Harding KB, Reinhart GA, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Impact of Preconception Micronutrient Supplementation on Anemia and Iron Status during Pregnancy and Postpartum: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Vietnam. PLoS One. 2016; 11(12):e0167416. PMID: 27918586.
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    15. Ramakrishnan U, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Schnaas L, DiGirolamo A, Quezada AD, Pallo BC, Hao W, Neufeld LM, Rivera JA, Stein AD, Martorell R. Prenatal supplementation with DHA improves attention at 5 y of age: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Oct; 104(4):1075-1082. PMID: 27604770.
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    16. Ramakrishnan U, Nguyen PH, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Pham H, Hao W, Nguyen H, Truong TV, Nguyen S, Harding KB, Reinhart GA, Neufeld LM, Martorell R. Neither Preconceptional Weekly Multiple Micronutrient nor Iron-Folic Acid Supplements Affect Birth Size and Gestational Age Compared with a Folic Acid Supplement Alone in Rural Vietnamese Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Nutr. 2016 Jul; 146(7):1445S-52S. PMID: 27281806.
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    17. Conkle J, Ramakrishnan U, Freeman MC. Prechewing infant food, consumption of sweets and dairy and not breastfeeding are associated with increased diarrhoea risk of 10-month-old infants in the United States. Matern Child Nutr. 2016 Jul; 12(3):614-24. PMID: 27184592.
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    18. Shaikh NI, Patil SS, Halli S, Ramakrishnan U, Cunningham SA. Going global: Indian adolescents' eating patterns. Public Health Nutr. 2016 Oct; 19(15):2799-807. PMID: 27170203.
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    19. Nechitilo M, Nguyen P, Webb-Girard A, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Martorell R, DiGirolamo A, Ramakrishnan U. A Qualitative Study of Factors Influencing Initiation and Adherence to Micronutrient Supplementation Among Women of Reproductive Age in Vietnam. Food Nutr Bull. 2016 Dec; 37(4):461-474. PMID: 27150299.
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    20. Pearce BD, Nguyen PH, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Qian Y, Omer SB, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Pre-pregnancy maternal plasma cytokine levels and risks of small-for-gestational-age at birth. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2016 Dec; 29(24):4065-9. PMID: 26902393.
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    21. Gonzalez-Casanova I, Rzehak P, Stein AD, Garcia Feregrino R, Rivera Dommarco JA, Barraza-Villarreal A, Demmelmair H, Romieu I, Villalpando S, Martorell R, Koletzko B, Ramakrishnan U. Maternal single nucleotide polymorphisms in the fatty acid desaturase 1 and 2 coding regions modify the impact of prenatal supplementation with DHA on birth weight. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Apr; 103(4):1171-8. PMID: 26912491; PMCID: PMC4807702 [Available on 04/01/17].
    22. Coakley KE, Douglas TD, Goodman M, Ramakrishnan U, Dobrowolski SF, Singh RH. Modeling correlates of low bone mineral density in patients with phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2016 May; 39(3):363-72. PMID: 26883219.
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    23. Nguyen PH, Addo OY, Young M, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Pham H, Truong TV, Nguyen S, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Patterns of Fetal Growth Based on Ultrasound Measurement and its Relationship with Small for Gestational Age at Birth in Rural Vietnam. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2016 May; 30(3):256-66. PMID: 26848715.
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    24. Young MF, Nguyen PH, Addo OY, Hao W, Nguyen H, Pham H, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. The relative influence of maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy on birth outcomes in Vietnam. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2015 Nov; 194:223-7. PMID: 26454228.
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    25. Ramakrishnan U, Stinger A, DiGirolamo AM, Martorell R, Neufeld LM, Rivera JA, Schnaas L, Stein AD, Wang M. Prenatal Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation and Offspring Development at 18 Months: Randomized Controlled Trial. PLoS One. 2015; 10(8):e0120065. PMID: 26262896; PMCID: PMC4532364.
    26. Ramirez-Silva I, Rivera JA, Trejo-Valdivia B, Martorell R, Stein AD, Romieu I, Barraza-Villarreal A, Ramakrishnan U. Breastfeeding status at age 3 months is associated with adiposity and cardiometabolic markers at age 4 years in Mexican children. J Nutr. 2015 Jun; 145(6):1295-302. PMID: 25926414; PMCID: PMC4442109.
    27. Gonzalez-Casanova I, Stein AD, Hao W, Garcia-Feregrino R, Barraza-Villarreal A, Romieu I, Rivera JA, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Prenatal Supplementation with Docosahexaenoic Acid Has No Effect on Growth through 60 Months of Age. J Nutr. 2015 Jun; 145(6):1330-4. PMID: 25926416; PMCID: PMC4442112.
    28. Wendt A, Stephenson R, Young M, Webb-Girard A, Hogue C, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R. Individual and facility-level determinants of iron and folic acid receipt and adequate consumption among pregnant women in rural Bihar, India. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0120404. PMID: 25793866; PMCID: PMC4368810.
    29. Frediani JK, Sanikidze E, Kipiani M, Tukvadze N, Hebbar G, Ramakrishnan U, Jones DP, Easley KA, Shenvi N, Kempker RR, Tangpricha V, Blumberg HM, Ziegler TR. Macronutrient intake and body composition changes during anti-tuberculosis therapy in adults. Clin Nutr. 2016 Feb; 35(1):205-12. PMID: 25753551; PMCID: PMC4550569 [Available on 02/01/17].
    30. Jackson SL, Long Q, Rhee MK, Olson DE, Tomolo AM, Cunningham SA, Ramakrishnan U, Narayan KM, Phillips LS. Weight loss and incidence of diabetes with the Veterans Health Administration MOVE! lifestyle change programme: an observational study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015 Mar; 3(3):173-80. PMID: 25652129; PMCID: PMC4401476.
    31. Mason JB, Shrimpton R, Saldanha LS, Ramakrishnan U, Victora CG, Girard AW, McFarland DA, Martorell R. The first 500 days of life: policies to support maternal nutrition. Glob Health Action. 2014 Dec; 7(1):23623. PMID: 28672498.
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    32. Lee HS, Barraza-Villarreal A, Biessy C, Duarte-Salles T, Sly PD, Ramakrishnan U, Rivera J, Herceg Z, Romieu I. Dietary supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acid during pregnancy modulates DNA methylation at IGF2/H19 imprinted genes and growth of infants. Physiol Genomics. 2014 Dec 01; 46(23):851-7. PMID: 25293351; PMCID: PMC4254937.
    33. Nguyen P, Ramakrishnan U, Katz B, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Lowe AE, Nguyen H, Pham H, Truong T, Nguyen S, Martorell R. Mid-upper-arm and calf circumferences are useful predictors of underweight in women of reproductive age in northern Vietnam. Food Nutr Bull. 2014 Sep; 35(3):301-11. PMID: 25902590.
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    34. Mason JB, Shrimpton R, Saldanha LS, Ramakrishnan U, Victora CG, Girard AW, McFarland DA, Martorell R. The first 500 days of life: policies to support maternal nutrition. Glob Health Action. 2014; 7:23623. PMID: 24909407; PMCID: PMC4049132.
    35. Nguyen PH, Nguyen H, Gonzalez-Casanova I, Copeland E, Strizich G, Lowe A, Pham H, Truong TV, Nguyen S, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Micronutrient intakes among women of reproductive age in Vietnam. PLoS One. 2014; 9(2):e89504. PMID: 24586831; PMCID: PMC3931833.
    36. Ramakrishnan U, Imhoff-Kunsch B, Martorell R. Maternal nutrition interventions to improve maternal, newborn, and child health outcomes. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. 2014; 78:71-80. PMID: 24504208.
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    37. Douglas TD, Ramakrishnan U, Kable JA, Singh RH. Longitudinal quality of life analysis in a phenylketonuria cohort provided sapropterin dihydrochloride. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2013 Dec 30; 11:218. PMID: 24373161; PMCID: PMC3880979.
    38. Lee HS, Hernandez-Vargas H, Biessy C, Romieu I, Herceg Z, Barraza-Villarreal A, Sly PD, Ramakrishnan U. Reply to GC Burdge. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Dec; 98(6):1595-6. PMID: 24259359.
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    39. Nguyen PH, Strizich G, Lowe A, Nguyen H, Pham H, Truong TV, Nguyen S, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Food consumption patterns and associated factors among Vietnamese women of reproductive age. Nutr J. 2013 Sep 12; 12:126. PMID: 24028650; PMCID: PMC3847174.
    40. Wyatt AJ, Yount KM, Null C, Ramakrishnan U, Webb Girard A. Dairy intensification, mothers and children: an exploration of infant and young child feeding practices among rural dairy farmers in Kenya. Matern Child Nutr. 2015 Jan; 11(1):88-103. PMID: 23941354.
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    41. Christian P, Lee SE, Donahue Angel M, Adair LS, Arifeen SE, Ashorn P, Barros FC, Fall CH, Fawzi WW, Hao W, Hu G, Humphrey JH, Huybregts L, Joglekar CV, Kariuki SK, Kolsteren P, Krishnaveni GV, Liu E, Martorell R, Osrin D, Persson LA, Ramakrishnan U, Richter L, Roberfroid D, Sania A, Ter Kuile FO, Tielsch J, Victora CG, Yajnik CS, Yan H, Zeng L, Black RE. Risk of childhood undernutrition related to small-for-gestational age and preterm birth in low- and middle-income countries. Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Oct; 42(5):1340-55. PMID: 23920141; PMCID: PMC3816349.
    42. Yount KM, Maluccio JA, Behrman JR, Hoddinott J, Murphy A, Ramakrishnan U. Parental Resources, Schooling Achievements, and Gender Schooling Gaps: Evidence of Change over 25 years in Rural Guatemala. Popul Res Policy Rev. 2013 Aug 01; 32(4):495-528. PMID: 23888089.
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    43. Ramakrishnan U, Grant FK, Imdad A, Bhutta ZA, Martorell R. Effect of multiple micronutrient versus iron-folate supplementation during pregnancy on intrauterine growth. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. 2013; 74:53-62. PMID: 23887103.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Lee HS, Barraza-Villarreal A, Hernandez-Vargas H, Sly PD, Biessy C, Ramakrishnan U, Romieu I, Herceg Z. Modulation of DNA methylation states and infant immune system by dietary supplementation with ?-3 PUFA during pregnancy in an intervention study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Aug; 98(2):480-7. PMID: 23761484; PMCID: PMC3712555.
    45. Bui VQ, Marcinkevage J, Ramakrishnan U, Flores-Ayala RC, Ramirez-Zea M, Villalpando S, Martorell R, DiGirolamo AM, Stein AD. Associations among dietary zinc intakes and biomarkers of zinc status before and after a zinc supplementation program in Guatemalan schoolchildren. Food Nutr Bull. 2013 Jun; 34(2):143-50. PMID: 23964387; PMCID: PMC4419832.
    46. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Schieve LA, Ramakrishnan U, Swan DW, Stein AD. Reliability of gestational weight gain reported postpartum: a comparison to the birth certificate. Matern Child Health J. 2013 May; 17(4):756-65. PMID: 22706998.
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    47. Frediani JK, Tukvadze N, Sanikidze E, Kipiani M, Hebbar G, Easley KA, Shenvi N, Ramakrishnan U, Tangpricha V, Blumberg HM, Ziegler TR. A culture-specific nutrient intake assessment instrument in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Clin Nutr. 2013 Dec; 32(6):1023-8. PMID: 23541173; PMCID: PMC3706571.
    48. Nguyen PH, Lowe AE, Martorell R, Nguyen H, Pham H, Nguyen S, Harding KB, Neufeld LM, Reinhart GA, Ramakrishnan U. Rationale, design, methodology and sample characteristics for the Vietnam pre-conceptual micronutrient supplementation trial (PRECONCEPT): a randomized controlled study. BMC Public Health. 2012 Oct 24; 12:898. PMID: 23092451; PMCID: PMC3533960.
    49. Monterrosa EC, Frongillo EA, Neufeld LM, Egan KA, Ramakrishnan U, Rasmussen KM. Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index is not associated with infant and young child feeding in low-income Mexican children 1-24 months old. Matern Child Nutr. 2015 Apr; 11(2):215-28. PMID: 23061488.
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    50. López-Flores F, Neufeld LM, Sotres-Álvarez D, García-Guerra A, Ramakrishnan U. Compliance to micronutrient supplementation in children 3 to 24 months of age from a semi-rural community in Mexico. Salud Publica Mex. 2012 Oct; 54(5):470-8. PMID: 23011498.
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    51. Hinkle SN, Sharma AJ, Swan DW, Schieve LA, Ramakrishnan U, Stein AD. Excess gestational weight gain is associated with child adiposity among mothers with normal and overweight prepregnancy weight status. J Nutr. 2012 Oct; 142(10):1851-8. PMID: 22955516.
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    52. Ramarapu S, Ramakrishnan U. An unusual cause of anesthesia circuit blockade by SODASORB PRE-PAK. Anesth Analg. 2012 Aug; 115(2):477; discussion 477-8. PMID: 22826525.
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    53. Bhutta ZA, Imdad A, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R. Is it time to replace iron folate supplements in pregnancy with multiple micronutrients? Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Jul; 26 Suppl 1:27-35. PMID: 22742600.
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    54. Imhoff-Kunsch B, Briggs V, Goldenberg T, Ramakrishnan U. Effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid intake during pregnancy on maternal, infant, and child health outcomes: a systematic review. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Jul; 26 Suppl 1:91-107. PMID: 22742604.
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    55. Ramakrishnan U, Grant FK, Goldenberg T, Bui V, Imdad A, Bhutta ZA. Effect of multiple micronutrient supplementation on pregnancy and infant outcomes: a systematic review. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Jul; 26 Suppl 1:153-67. PMID: 22742608.
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    56. Ramakrishnan U, Grant F, Goldenberg T, Zongrone A, Martorell R. Effect of women's nutrition before and during early pregnancy on maternal and infant outcomes: a systematic review. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2012 Jul; 26 Suppl 1:285-301. PMID: 22742616.
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    57. Stein AD, Wang M, Rivera JA, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Auditory- and visual-evoked potentials in Mexican infants are not affected by maternal supplementation with 400 mg/d docosahexaenoic acid in the second half of pregnancy. J Nutr. 2012 Aug; 142(8):1577-81. PMID: 22739364; PMCID: PMC3397341.
    58. Nguyen P, Grajeda R, Melgar P, Marcinkevage J, Flores R, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R. Effect of zinc on efficacy of iron supplementation in improving iron and zinc status in women. J Nutr Metab. 2012; 2012:216179. PMID: 22720141; PMCID: PMC3376765.
    59. Ramakrishnan U, Lowe A, Vir S, Kumar S, Mohanraj R, Chaturvedi A, Noznesky EA, Martorell R, Mason JB. Public health interventions, barriers, and opportunities for improving maternal nutrition in India. Food Nutr Bull. 2012 Jun; 33(2 Suppl):S71-92. PMID: 22913108.
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    60. Noznesky EA, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R. A situation analysis of public health interventions, barriers, and opportunities for improving maternal nutrition in Bihar, India. Food Nutr Bull. 2012 Jun; 33(2 Suppl):S93-103. PMID: 22913109.
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    61. Mason JB, Saldanha LS, Ramakrishnan U, Lowe A, Noznesky EA, Girard AW, McFarland DA, Martorell R. Opportunities for improving maternal nutrition and birth outcomes: synthesis of country experiences. Food Nutr Bull. 2012 Jun; 33(2 Suppl):S104-37. PMID: 22913110.
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    62. Pongcharoen T, Ramakrishnan U, DiGirolamo AM, Winichagoon P, Flores R, Singkhornard J, Martorell R. Influence of prenatal and postnatal growth on intellectual functioning in school-aged children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 May; 166(5):411-6. PMID: 22566539.
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    63. Grant FK, Martorell R, Flores-Ayala R, Cole CR, Ruth LJ, Ramakrishnan U, Suchdev PS. Comparison of indicators of iron deficiency in Kenyan children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 May; 95(5):1231-7. PMID: 22456661; PMCID: PMC4697948.
    64. Bui VQ, Stein AD, DiGirolamo AM, Ramakrishnan U, Flores-Ayala RC, Ramirez-Zea M, Grant FK, Villalpando S, Martorell R. Associations between serum C-reactive protein and serum zinc, ferritin, and copper in Guatemalan school children. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012 Aug; 148(2):154-60. PMID: 22354676; PMCID: PMC3734531.
    65. Chandran SA, Levy Y, Mett A, Belausov E, Ramakrishnan U, Gafni Y. Mapping of functional region conferring nuclear localization and karyopherin a-binding activity of the C2 protein of bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus. J Gen Virol. 2012 Jun; 93(Pt 6):1367-74. PMID: 22357749.
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    66. Kulkarni S, Ramakrishnan U, Dearden KA, Marsh DR, Ha TT, Tran TD, Pachón H. Greater length-for-age increases the odds of attaining motor milestones in Vietnamese children aged 5-18 months. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2012; 21(2):241-6. PMID: 22507611.
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    67. Grant FK, Suchdev PS, Flores-Ayala R, Cole CR, Ramakrishnan U, Ruth LJ, Martorell R. Correcting for inflammation changes estimates of iron deficiency among rural Kenyan preschool children. J Nutr. 2012 Jan; 142(1):105-11. PMID: 22157541; PMCID: PMC4697949.
    68. Ramakrishnan U, Goldenberg T, Allen LH. Do multiple micronutrient interventions improve child health, growth, and development? J Nutr. 2011 Nov; 141(11):2066-75. PMID: 21956959.
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    69. Neufeld LM, Ramakrishnan U. Multiple micronutrient interventions during early childhood: moving towards evidence-based policy and program planning. J Nutr. 2011 Nov; 141(11):2064-5. PMID: 21956961.
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    70. Imhoff-Kunsch B, Stein AD, Martorell R, Parra-Cabrera S, Romieu I, Ramakrishnan U. Prenatal docosahexaenoic acid supplementation and infant morbidity: randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2011 Sep; 128(3):e505-12. PMID: 21807696; PMCID: PMC3164093.
    71. Balarajan Y, Ramakrishnan U, Ozaltin E, Shankar AH, Subramanian SV. Anaemia in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet. 2011 Dec 17; 378(9809):2123-35. PMID: 21813172.
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    72. Omer SB, Goodman D, Steinhoff MC, Rochat R, Klugman KP, Stoll BJ, Ramakrishnan U. Maternal influenza immunization and reduced likelihood of prematurity and small for gestational age births: a retrospective cohort study. PLoS Med. 2011 May; 8(5):e1000441. PMID: 21655318; PMCID: PMC3104979.
    73. Yount KM, DiGirolamo AM, Ramakrishnan U. Impacts of domestic violence on child growth and nutrition: a conceptual review of the pathways of influence. Soc Sci Med. 2011 May; 72(9):1534-54. PMID: 21492979.
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    74. Ramakrishnan U. Fatty acid status and maternal mental health. Matern Child Nutr. 2011 Apr; 7 Suppl 2:99-111. PMID: 21366870.
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    75. Parra-Cabrera S, Stein AD, Wang M, Martorell R, Rivera J, Ramakrishnan U. Dietary intakes of polyunsaturated fatty acids among pregnant Mexican women. Matern Child Nutr. 2011 Apr; 7(2):140-7. PMID: 21410881.
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    76. Pongcharoen T, DiGirolamo AM, Ramakrishnan U, Winichagoon P, Flores R, Martorell R. Long-term effects of iron and zinc supplementation during infancy on cognitive function at 9 y of age in northeast Thai children: a follow-up study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Mar; 93(3):636-43. PMID: 21270383.
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    77. Imhoff-Kunsch B, Stein AD, Villalpando S, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Docosahexaenoic acid supplementation from mid-pregnancy to parturition influenced breast milk fatty acid concentrations at 1 month postpartum in Mexican women. J Nutr. 2011 Feb; 141(2):321-6. PMID: 21178076; PMCID: PMC3021452.
    78. Stein AD, Wang M, Martorell R, Neufeld LM, Flores-Ayala R, Rivera JA, Ramakrishnan U. Growth to age 18 months following prenatal supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid differs by maternal gravidity in Mexico. J Nutr. 2011 Feb; 141(2):316-20. PMID: 21178082; PMCID: PMC3021451.
    79. DiGirolamo AM, Ramirez-Zea M, Wang M, Flores-Ayala R, Martorell R, Neufeld LM, Ramakrishnan U, Sellen D, Black MM, Stein AD. Randomized trial of the effect of zinc supplementation on the mental health of school-age children in Guatemala. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Nov; 92(5):1241-50. PMID: 20881069; PMCID: PMC2954453.
    80. Webb AL, Ramakrishnan U, Stein AD, Sellen DW, Merchant M, Martorell R. Greater years of maternal schooling and higher scores on academic achievement tests are independently associated with improved management of child diarrhea by rural Guatemalan mothers. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Sep; 14(5):799-806. PMID: 19685178; PMCID: PMC4457360.
    81. Ramakrishnan U, Stein AD, Parra-Cabrera S, Wang M, Imhoff-Kunsch B, Juárez-Márquez S, Rivera J, Martorell R. Effects of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation during pregnancy on gestational age and size at birth: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Mexico. Food Nutr Bull. 2010 Jun; 31(2 Suppl):S108-16. PMID: 20715595.
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    82. Graff M, Yount KM, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R, Stein AD. Childhood nutrition and later fertility: pathways through education and pre-pregnant nutritional status. Demography. 2010 Feb; 47(1):125-44. PMID: 20355687; PMCID: PMC3000010.
    83. García-Guerra A, Neufeld LM, Hernández-Cordero S, Rivera J, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Prenatal multiple micronutrient supplementation impact on biochemical indicators during pregnancy and postpartum. Salud Publica Mex. 2009 Jul-Aug; 51(4):327-35. PMID: 19668928.
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    84. Ramakrishnan U, Neufeld LM, Flores R, Rivera J, Martorell R. Multiple micronutrient supplementation during early childhood increases child size at 2 y of age only among high compliers. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Apr; 89(4):1125-31. PMID: 19225121.
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    85. Webb AL, Sellen DW, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R. Maternal years of schooling but not academic skills is independently associated with infant-feeding practices in a cohort of rural Guatemalan women. J Hum Lact. 2009 Aug; 25(3):297-306. PMID: 19190253; PMCID: PMC3780574.
    86. Ramakrishnan U, Imhoff-Kunsch B, DiGirolamo AM. Role of docosahexaenoic acid in maternal and child mental health. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Mar; 89(3):958S-962S. PMID: 19176728; PMCID: PMC2667651.
    87. Black MM, Ramakrishnan U. Maternal and child mental health: role of nutrition. Introduction. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Mar; 89(3):933S-934S. PMID: 19176731; PMCID: PMC2667663.
    88. Ramakrishnan U, Nguyen P, Martorell R. Effects of micronutrients on growth of children under 5 y of age: meta-analyses of single and multiple nutrient interventions. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Jan; 89(1):191-203. PMID: 19056559.
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    89. Stein AD, Wang M, DiGirolamo A, Grajeda R, Ramakrishnan U, Ramirez-Zea M, Yount K, Martorell R. Nutritional supplementation in early childhood, schooling, and intellectual functioning in adulthood: a prospective study in Guatemala. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Jul; 162(7):612-8. PMID: 18606931; PMCID: PMC3733080.
    90. Neufeld LM, Hernández-Cordero S, Fernald LC, Ramakrishnan U. Overweight and obesity doubled over a 6-year period in young women living in poverty in Mexico. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Mar; 16(3):714-7. PMID: 18239585.
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    91. de Lourdes Flores M, Neufeld LM, González-Cossío T, Rivera J, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U. Multiple micronutrient supplementation and dietary energy intake in pregnant women. Salud Publica Mex. 2007 May-Jun; 49(3):190-8. PMID: 17589773.
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    92. Kim SA, Yount KM, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R. The relationship between parity and overweight varies with household wealth and national development. Int J Epidemiol. 2007 Feb; 36(1):93-101. PMID: 17175546.
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    93. Zrachya A, Kumar PP, Ramakrishnan U, Levy Y, Loyter A, Arazi T, Lapidot M, Gafni Y. Production of siRNA targeted against TYLCV coat protein transcripts leads to silencing of its expression and resistance to the virus. Transgenic Res. 2007 Jun; 16(3):385-98. PMID: 17103242.
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    94. Webb AL, Stein AD, Ramakrishnan U, Hertzberg VS, Urizar M, Martorell R. A simple index to measure hygiene behaviours. Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Dec; 35(6):1469-77. PMID: 17023500.
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    95. Stein AD, Wang M, Ramirez-Zea M, Flores R, Grajeda R, Melgar P, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R. Exposure to a nutrition supplementation intervention in early childhood and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adulthood: evidence from Guatemala. Am J Epidemiol. 2006 Dec 15; 164(12):1160-70. PMID: 17018700.
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    96. Kuklina EV, Ramakrishnan U, Stein AD, Barnhart HH, Martorell R. Early childhood growth and development in rural Guatemala. Early Hum Dev. 2006 Jul; 82(7):425-33. PMID: 16431042.
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    97. Ramakrishnan U, González-Cossío T, Neufeld LM, Rivera J, Martorell R. Effect of prenatal multiple micronutrient supplements on maternal weight and skinfold changes: a randomized double-blind clinical trial in Mexico. Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Sep; 26(3):273-80. PMID: 16222918.
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    98. Stein AD, Behrman JR, DiGirolamo A, Grajeda R, Martorell R, Quisumbing A, Ramakrishnan U. Schooling, educational achievement, and cognitive functioning among young Guatemalan adults. Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Jun; 26(2 Suppl 1):S46-54. PMID: 16060211.
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    99. Ramakrishnan U, Yount KM, Behrman JR, Graff M, Grajeda R, Stein AD. Fertility behavior and reproductive outcomes among young Guatemalan adults. Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Jun; 26(2 Suppl 1):S68-77. PMID: 16060213.
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    100. Stein AD, Gregory CO, Hoddinott J, Martorell R, Ramakrishnan U, Ramírez-Zea M. Physical activity level, dietary habits, and alcohol and tobacco use among young Guatemalan adults. Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Jun; 26(2 Suppl 1):S78-87. PMID: 16060214.
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    101. Ramírez-Zea M, Melgar P, Flores R, Hoddinott J, Ramakrishnan U, Stein AD. Physical fitness, body composition, blood pressure, and blood metabolic profile among young Guatemalan adults. Food Nutr Bull. 2005 Jun; 26(2 Suppl 1):S88-97. PMID: 16060215.
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    102. Kuklina EV, Ramakrishnan U, Stein AD, Barnhart HH, Martorell R. Growth and diet quality are associated with the attainment of walking in rural Guatemalan infants. J Nutr. 2004 Dec; 134(12):3296-300. PMID: 15570028.
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    103. Moriarty-Craige SE, Ramakrishnan U, Neufeld L, Rivera J, Martorell R. Multivitamin-mineral supplementation is not as efficacious as is iron supplementation in improving hemoglobin concentrations in nonpregnant anemic women living in Mexico. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Nov; 80(5):1308-11. PMID: 15531680.
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    104. Ramakrishnan U, Aburto N, McCabe G, Martorell R. Multimicronutrient interventions but not vitamin a or iron interventions alone improve child growth: results of 3 meta-analyses. J Nutr. 2004 Oct; 134(10):2592-602. PMID: 15465753.
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    105. Ramakrishnan U, Neufeld LM, González-Cossío T, Villalpando S, García-Guerra A, Rivera J, Martorell R. Multiple micronutrient supplements during pregnancy do not reduce anemia or improve iron status compared to iron-only supplements in Semirural Mexico. J Nutr. 2004 Apr; 134(4):898-903. PMID: 15051844.
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    106. Stein AD, Barnhart HX, Wang M, Hoshen MB, Ologoudou K, Ramakrishnan U, Grajeda R, Ramirez-Zea M, Martorell R. Comparison of linear growth patterns in the first three years of life across two generations in Guatemala. Pediatrics. 2004 Mar; 113(3 Pt 1):e270-5. PMID: 14993588.
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    107. Ramakrishnan U. Nutrition and low birth weight: from research to practice. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Jan; 79(1):17-21. PMID: 14684392.
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    108. Stein AD, Barnhart HX, Hickey M, Ramakrishnan U, Schroeder DG, Martorell R. Prospective study of protein-energy supplementation early in life and of growth in the subsequent generation in Guatemala. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jul; 78(1):162-7. PMID: 12816786.
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    109. Cogswell ME, Kettel-Khan L, Ramakrishnan U. Iron supplement use among women in the United States: science, policy and practice. J Nutr. 2003 Jun; 133(6):1974S-1977S. PMID: 12771348.
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    110. Li H, Stein AD, Barnhart HX, Ramakrishnan U, Martorell R. Associations between prenatal and postnatal growth and adult body size and composition. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Jun; 77(6):1498-505. PMID: 12791630.
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    111. Ramakrishnan U, González-Cossío T, Neufeld LM, Rivera J, Martorell R. Multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy does not lead to greater infant birth size than does iron-only supplementation: a randomized controlled trial in a semirural community in Mexico. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Mar; 77(3):720-5. PMID: 12600867.
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    112. Ramakrishnan U, Kuklina E, Stein AD. Iron stores and cardiovascular disease risk factors in women of reproductive age in the United States. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Dec; 76(6):1256-60. PMID: 12450891.
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    113. Garg R, Lee LA, Beach MJ, Wamae CN, Ramakrishnan U, Deming MS. Evaluation of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines for treatment of intestinal helminth infections among sick children aged 2-4 years in western Kenya. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2002 Sep-Oct; 96(5):543-8. PMID: 12474486.
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    114. Ramakrishnan U, Darnton-Hill I. Assessment and control of vitamin A deficiency disorders. J Nutr. 2002 Sep; 132(9 Suppl):2947S-2953S. PMID: 12221275.
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    115. Ramakrishnan U, Frith-Terhune A, Cogswell M, Kettel Khan L. Dietary intake does not account for differences in low iron stores among Mexican American and non-Hispanic white women: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. J Nutr. 2002 May; 132(5):996-1001. PMID: 11983827.
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    116. Ramakrishnan U. Prevalence of micronutrient malnutrition worldwide. Nutr Rev. 2002 May; 60(5 Pt 2):S46-52. PMID: 12035858.
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    117. Ramakrishnan U, Yip R. Experiences and challenges in industrialized countries: control of iron deficiency in industrialized countries. J Nutr. 2002 Apr; 132(4 Suppl):820S-4S. PMID: 11925488.
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    118. Yip R, Ramakrishnan U. Experiences and challenges in developing countries. J Nutr. 2002 Apr; 132(4 Suppl):827S-30S. PMID: 11925490.
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