"Genomic Islands" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus,
MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure,
which enables searching at various levels of specificity.
Distinct units in some bacterial, bacteriophage or plasmid GENOMES that are types of MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS. Encoded in them are a variety of fitness conferring genes, such as VIRULENCE FACTORS (in "pathogenicity islands or islets"), ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE genes, or genes required for SYMBIOSIS (in "symbiosis islands or islets"). They range in size from 10 - 500 kilobases, and their GC CONTENT and CODON usage differ from the rest of the genome. They typically contain an INTEGRASE gene, although in some cases this gene has been deleted resulting in "anchored genomic islands".
- Genomic Islands
- Genomic Island
- Island, Genomic
- Islands, Genomic
- Genomic Islets
- Genomic Islet
- Islet, Genomic
- Islets, Genomic
- Symbiosis Islets
- Islet, Symbiosis
- Islets, Symbiosis
- Symbiosis Islet
- Pathogenicity Islets
- Islet, Pathogenicity
- Islets, Pathogenicity
- Pathogenicity Islet
- Symbiosis Islands
- Island, Symbiosis
- Islands, Symbiosis
- Symbiosis Island
Anchored Genomic Islands
- Anchored Genomic Islands
- Anchored Genomic Island
- Genomic Island, Anchored
- Genomic Islands, Anchored
- Island, Anchored Genomic
- Islands, Anchored Genomic
- Pathogenicity Islands
- Island, Pathogenicity
- Islands, Pathogenicity
- Pathogenicity Island
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Genomic Islands".
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more specific than "Genomic Islands".
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Below are the most recent publications written about "Genomic Islands" by people in Profiles.
Genomic Features and Pervasive Negative Selection in Rhodanobacter Strains Isolated from Nitrate and Heavy Metal Contaminated Aquifer. Microbiol Spectr. 2022 02 23; 10(1):e0259121.
Elimination of Chromosomal Island SpyCIM1 from Streptococcus pyogenes Strain SF370 Reverses the Mutator Phenotype and Alters Global Transcription. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0145884.
Chromosomal islands of Streptococcus pyogenes and related streptococci: molecular switches for survival and virulence. Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2014; 4:109.
Transcriptional regulator PerA influences biofilm-associated, platelet binding, and metabolic gene expression in Enterococcus faecalis. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e34398.
Genomic island TnSmu2 of Streptococcus mutans harbors a nonribosomal peptide synthetase-polyketide synthase gene cluster responsible for the biosynthesis of pigments involved in oxygen and H2O2 tolerance. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010 Sep; 76(17):5815-26.
Genetic variation and evolution of the pathogenicity island of Enterococcus faecalis. J Bacteriol. 2009 May; 191(10):3392-402.
An AraC-type transcriptional regulator encoded on the Enterococcus faecalis pathogenicity island contributes to pathogenesis and intracellular macrophage survival. Infect Immun. 2008 Dec; 76(12):5668-76.
Horizontal transfer of virulence genes encoded on the Enterococcus faecalis pathogenicity island. Mol Microbiol. 2007 Jan; 63(2):530-44.
Presence of pathogenicity island genes in Enterococcus faecalis isolates from pigs in Denmark. J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Nov; 44(11):4200-3.