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Single-center comparison of purely laparoscopic, hand-assisted laparoscopic, and open radical nephrectomy in patients at high anesthetic risk.

Baldwin DD, Dunbar JA, Parekh DJ, Wells N, Shuford MD, Cookson MS, Smith JA, Herrell SD, Chang SS, McDougall EM. Single-center comparison of purely laparoscopic, hand-assisted laparoscopic, and open radical nephrectomy in patients at high anesthetic risk. J Endourol. 2003 Apr; 17(3):161-7.

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