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Canine model of esophageal injury and atrial-esophageal fistula after applications of forward-firing high-intensity focused ultrasound and side-firing unfocused ultrasound in the left atrium and inside the pulmonary vein.

Yokoyama K, Nakagawa H, Seres KA, Jung E, Merino J, Zou Y, Ikeda A, Pitha JV, Lazzara R, Jackman WM. Canine model of esophageal injury and atrial-esophageal fistula after applications of forward-firing high-intensity focused ultrasound and side-firing unfocused ultrasound in the left atrium and inside the pulmonary vein. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2009 Feb; 2(1):41-9.

View in: PubMed