"Myelin Sheath" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus,
MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure,
which enables searching at various levels of specificity.
The lipid-rich sheath surrounding AXONS in both the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEMS and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The myelin sheath is an electrical insulator and allows faster and more energetically efficient conduction of impulses. The sheath is formed by the cell membranes of glial cells (SCHWANN CELLS in the peripheral and OLIGODENDROGLIA in the central nervous system). Deterioration of the sheath in DEMYELINATING DISEASES is a serious clinical problem.
- Myelin Sheath
- Myelin Sheaths
- Sheath, Myelin
- Sheaths, Myelin
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Myelin Sheath".
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more specific than "Myelin Sheath".
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Below are the most recent publications written about "Myelin Sheath" by people in Profiles.
Graded Variation in T1w/T2w Ratio during Adolescence: Measurement, Caveats, and Implications for Development of Cortical Myelin. J Neurosci. 2022 07 20; 42(29):5681-5694.
Maternal high fat diet exposure is associated with increased hepcidin levels, decreased myelination, and neurobehavioral changes in male offspring. Brain Behav Immun. 2016 Nov; 58:369-378.
Myelin-specific Th17 cells induce severe relapsing optic neuritis with irreversible loss of retinal ganglion cells in C57BL/6 mice. Mol Vis. 2016; 22:332-41.
Neuronal activity promotes oligodendrogenesis and adaptive myelination in the mammalian brain. Science. 2014 May 02; 344(6183):1252304.
Intraventricular hemorrhage induces deposition of proteoglycans in premature rabbits, but their in vivo degradation with chondroitinase does not restore myelination, ventricle size and neurological recovery. Exp Neurol. 2013 Sep; 247:630-44.
Janus-like opposing roles of CD47 in autoimmune brain inflammation in humans and mice. J Exp Med. 2012 Jul 02; 209(7):1325-34.
Neuroprotection in a rabbit model of intraventricular haemorrhage by cyclooxygenase-2, prostanoid receptor-1 or tumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibition. Brain. 2010 Aug; 133(Pt 8):2264-80.
Adult-onset deficiency in growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I alters oligodendrocyte turnover in the corpus callosum. Glia. 2009 Aug 01; 57(10):1062-71.
Type 1 interferons cool the inflamed brain. Immunity. 2008 May; 28(5):600-2.
Identification of a positive regulatory element in the myelin-specific promoter of the PMP22 gene. J Neurosci Res. 2001 Sep 15; 65(6):508-19.