"Sirtuins" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus,
MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure,
which enables searching at various levels of specificity.
A homologous family of regulatory enzymes that are structurally related to the protein silent mating type information regulator 2 (Sir2) found in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Sirtuins contain a central catalytic core region which binds NAD. Several of the sirtuins utilize NAD to deacetylate proteins such as HISTONES and are categorized as GROUP III HISTONE DEACETYLASES. Several other sirtuin members utilize NAD to transfer ADP-RIBOSE to proteins and are categorized as MONO ADP-RIBOSE TRANSFERASES, while a third group of sirtuins appears to have both deacetylase and ADP ribose transferase activities.
- Sir2-like Proteins
- Sir2 like Proteins
- Silent Mating Type Information Regulator 2-like Proteins
- Silent Mating Type Information Regulator 2 like Proteins
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Sirtuins".
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more specific than "Sirtuins".
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Below are the most recent publications written about "Sirtuins" by people in Profiles.
Metabolic Rewiring by Loss of Sirt5 Promotes Kras-Induced Pancreatic Cancer Progression. Gastroenterology. 2021 11; 161(5):1584-1600.
Epigenetic modulation of chronic anxiety and pain by histone deacetylation. Mol Psychiatry. 2015 Oct; 20(10):1219-31.
Neuroprotective Sirtuin ratio reversed by ApoE4. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Nov 05; 110(45):18303-8.
Are sirtuins viable targets for improving healthspan and lifespan? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2012 Jun 01; 11(6):443-61.
Resveratrol attenuates mitochondrial oxidative stress in coronary arterial endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Nov; 297(5):H1876-81.
Anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory vasoprotective effects of caloric restriction in aging: role of circulating factors and SIRT1. Mech Ageing Dev. 2009 Aug; 130(8):518-27.
Resveratrol induces mitochondrial biogenesis in endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Jul; 297(1):H13-20.
Endurance exercise as a countermeasure for aging. Diabetes. 2008 Nov; 57(11):2933-42.
Vasoprotective effects of resveratrol and SIRT1: attenuation of cigarette smoke-induced oxidative stress and proinflammatory phenotypic alterations. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008 Jun; 294(6):H2721-35.
Genomic instability and aging-like phenotype in the absence of mammalian SIRT6. Cell. 2006 Jan 27; 124(2):315-29.